Guide de voyageTripadvisor

Have an interesting visit to the Temple of Literature in Vietnam

09/04/2019 1.140 Views
The Temple of Literature in Vietnam is the most prominent and famous temple of literature situated in the city of Hanoi, which also functioned as Vietnam's first university. It is featured on the back of the one hundred thousand Vietnam Dong banknote.
The Temple of Literature Hanoi address: No.58 Quoc Tu Giam Street, Dong Da District, Hanoi.
The Temple of Literature entrance fee: 30000 VND/ticket for adults.
The Temple of Literature opening hours: 7.30 AM to 6.00 PM in summer, 8.00 AM to 5.00 PM in winter.

History of the Temple of Literature in Vietnam

In Vietnamese tradition, the Turtle Steles were to record the names of those successful at the imperial exams. Now they have become an attractiveness in the city tour of Hanoi. The landmark was founded in 1070 as a Confucian temple. Only parts of The Temple of Literature complex date back to the earliest period, while much of the architecture dates to King Ly (1010 – 1225) and KingTran (1225 – 1400) Dynasties. In 1076, Vietnam's first university, the Quốc Tử Giám (國子監) or Imperial Academy, was established within the temple to educate Vietnam's bureaucrats, nobles, royalty and other members of the elite. The university functioned for more than 700 years, from 1076 to 1779. It gave the extremely difficult doctor laureate tests, and there were few students passing final examinations. The list of these names was engraved on the stone stele every year during this period. The stele recorded 2,313 students graduating as Doctor Laureates.
Temple of Literature is known as the first university in Vietnam
The Temple of Literature in Vietnam is known as the first university

Emperor Le Thanh Tong established the tradition, dating back to 1484, of carving the names of the laureates of the university on stone steles that were placed on top of stone tortoises. Of the 116 steles corresponding to the examinations held between 1142 and 1778, only 82 remain. According to the book the Complete Annals of the Great Viet, "In the autumn of the year Canh Tuat, the second year of Than Vu (1070), in the 8th lunar month, during the reign of King Ly Thanh Tong, the Temple of Literature in Vietnam was built. The statues of Confucius, his four best disciples including Yan Hui, Zeng Zi, Zisi, and Mencius, as well as the Duke of Zhou, were carved and 72 other statues of Confucian scholars were painted. Ceremonies were dedicated to them in each of the four seasons. The Crown Princess studied here."
The drum inside Temple of Literature
The drum inside the Temple of Literature Vietnam


Đừng bỏ qua You may interest: Enjoy the exciting atmosphere of Thay Pagoda Festival in Hanoi

Construction of the Temple of Literature in Vietnam

This ancient Confucian sanctuary is now considered one of the finest Hanoi Vietnam attractions of historical sites. The temple is based on Confucius' birthplace at Qufu in the Chinese province of Shandong. It consists of five courtyards lined out in order; the entrance, via the impressive twin-tiered gate, leads to three pathways that run throughout the length of the complex. The centre path was reserved for the king, the one to its left for administrative Mandarins and the one to its right for military Mandarins. The first two courtyards are peaceful havens of ancient trees and well-trimmed lawns where scholars could relax away from the bustle of the city outside the thick stone walls.
Every year, the Temple of Literature welcomes hundreds of tourists
Every year, the Temple of Literature in Vietnam welcomes hundreds of tourists

Entrance to the third courtyard is through the dominating the Constellation of Literature, a large pavilion built in 1802. Central to this courtyard is the Thien Quang Tinh (Well Of Heavenly Clarity), either side of which stand two great halls which house the true treasures of the temple. These are 82 stones steles. The other 34 steles are believed to have been lost over the years. They sit upon stone turtles and are inscribed with the names and birthplaces of 1306 men who were awarded Doctorates from the triennial examinations held here at this Imperial Academy between 1484 and 1780, after which the capital was moved to Hue city.
A different corner of Temple of Literature
A different corner of Temple of Literature in Vietnam

The fourth courtyard is bordered on either side by great pavilions which once contained altars of 72 of Confucius' greatest students but now contain offices, a gift shop and a small museum displaying ink wells, pens, books and personal artifacts belonging to some of the students that studied here through the years. At the far end of the courtyard is the altar with statues of Confucius and his four closest disciples. The fifth courtyard contained the Temple of Literature, Vietnam's first university, founded in 1076 by King Ly Can Duc, but this was destroyed by the French bombing in 1947.

Đừng bỏ qua Click here to have a cheap package of Vietnam 5 days itinerary

The complex has undergone much restoration work, most recently in 1920 and again in 1954, but remains one of the few left examples of later Ly Dynasty (1009-1225) architecture. You can reach there within easy walking distance of One Pillar pagoda Hanoi.
ONLY WITH US : 100 % MONEY BACK GUARANTEE within 10 days from the date of booking if not satisfied.
For further information, or simply a free quote, please contact us at any time via our email: info@galatourist.com, our experienced consultants will reply to you within 48 hours.
Sincerely yours & see you soon!
GALATOURIST since 2005.
Related Articles
Coronavirus situation by traveller in Vietnam on February 4, 2020
Coronavirus situation by traveller in Vietnam on February 4, 2020
Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses, which cause illnesses ranging from a simple cold (some seasonal viruses are coronaviruses) to more severe conditions such as MERS or SARS. The virus identified in Wuhan in December 2019 is a novel coronavirus. It was named 2019-nCoV.
Top 29 best places to visit in Hanoi Vietnam
Top 29 best places to visit in Hanoi Vietnam
As the capital of Vietnam, Hanoi still retains its leisurely pace in a quiet atmosphere compared to the more bustling Ho Chi Minh City. However, Hanoi deserves to be the capital of Vietnam thanks to its typical culture accumulated along the passage of time which defines best what Vietnam is. The article will show you 29 best places to visit in Hanoi for your choices.
Ben Tre what to do? Top 4 things to do in Ben Tre Vietnam for your trip
Ben Tre what to do? Top 4 things to do in Ben Tre Vietnam for your trip
Ben Tre is famous for its serene rural landscape, charming villages and traditional crafts such as coconut candy making
What to eat in Ben Tre: Top 7 specialty dishes of Ben Tre for your trip
What to eat in Ben Tre: Top 7 specialty dishes of Ben Tre for your trip
Ben Tre is famous for its lush fruit orchards, its rows of coconut trees, it also stands out for its local cuisine which is both authentic and unique
2 days in Ninh Binh Vietnam and things to do in Ninh Binh 2 days
2 days in Ninh Binh Vietnam and things to do in Ninh Binh 2 days
Located about 100km away from Hanoi, Ninh Binh was once ancient capital and now an attractive tourist destination for both locals and expats.
Vietnam New Year: Tet. What to do during public holidays in Vietnam?
Vietnam New Year: Tet. What to do during public holidays in Vietnam?
Vietnam New Year, or the New Year in various Asian countries, is seen as the most significant event of the year
Viet Nam Travel : Top 10 best travel agencies in Vietnam
Viet Nam Travel : Top 10 best travel agencies in Vietnam
Do you choose Vietnam as the destination for your upcoming travel trip? You are confused and wondering which travel agency to choose to accompany you. Don't worry, in this article, we will provide you with the top 10 best travel agencies in Vietnam.
What to eat in Vietnam: Experience top vietnam specialty of 3 regions
What to eat in Vietnam: Experience top vietnam specialty of 3 regions
Vietnam specialty transcends the simple register of dishes and recipes to become a natural cultural element forged throughout life
What to do in Vietnam during Tet: Discover traditional Vietnamese folk games
What to do in Vietnam during Tet: Discover traditional Vietnamese folk games
Discovering traditional Vietnamese folk games is one of top things to do in Vietnam during Tet for tourists. This may make your trip become more meaning and memorable
The 3 best places to visit during Tet in Northern Vietnam
The 3 best places to visit during Tet in Northern Vietnam
The 3 best places to visit during Tet in Northern Vietnam: Hanoi, Ninh Binh et Quang Ninh. These are unavoidable destinations for your trip
Christmas in Vietnam: Popular Activities During the Holiday Season
Christmas in Vietnam: Popular Activities During the Holiday Season
Christmas in Vietnam: The best time for you and your family to enjoy outdoor activities during the holiday season
Places to visit in Vietnam for 15 days itinerary
Places to visit in Vietnam for 15 days itinerary
If you are planning to visit Vietnam for 2 weeks, let us help with the detailed itinerary of Places to visit in Vietnam for 15 days itinerary. Vietnam is a beautiful country to explore.
Filter articles
Top
free telephone appointment
tripadvisor
call
Customize your trip
Customize
Leave a message
Contact
(+84)
Call now!
WhatsApp
WhatsApp
Messenger
View Google Map
Google Map