Guide de voyageTripadvisor

History of Thailand

13/04/2019 449 Views
Thailand’s social history can be traced back to the Neolithic period and has witnessed the rise and fall of a myriad of empires and dynasties. Thailand, as we know it now, came into effect with the establishment of an alliance between three kingdoms: Lan Na, Sukhothai, and Phayao in the 13th century.
The 14th and 15th centuries witnessed the establishment of the kingdom of Ayutthaya, which continued until it fell to the Burmese, initially in 1569, then again in 1760 before finally falling again in 1767.
Thailand’s current Chakri Dynasty began in 1782 when Phraya Chakri ascended the throne as King Ramathibodi, Rama I. The new dynasty moved the country’s capital city to Bangkok where it remains to this day. Current king Bhumibol Adulyadej, Rama IX, is the world’s longest serving current head of state and Thailand’s longest reigning monarch, having ascended to the throne in 1946.

King Mongkut, Rama IV, instigated trade and diplomatic relations with European countries in the mid-19th century. He also instituted educational reforms, developing a school system along European lines. His son, King Chulalongkorn, Rama V, led Thailand into the 20th century, establishing an effective civil service, formalising global relations and introducing industrialisation. He united the royal line under the title Rama and assigned the title Rama I to the dynasty's first king.

During the reign of King Prajadhipok, Rama VII, Thailand changed from an absolute monarchy to a constitutional monarchy following a successful coup d’état in 1932. The country’s name was officially changed from Siam to Prathet Thai, or Thailand, meaning "land of the free" in 1939. The Thai use the phrase "land of the free" to express pride in the fact that Thailand is the only country in Southeast Asia never to be colonised by a European state.

The Thai military government sided with the Japanese forces in WW2 and were involved in the construction of the infamous Burma-Siam railway, made legend by the fictional British film Bridge Over The River Kwai. The government also allowed US forces to use Thai territory during the Vietnam War.

Democracy has developed slowly in Thailand with corruption allegations, demonstrations and military coups derailing the process on several occasions. After a quarter of a century of military rule, civilian government was restored to Thailand in 1973 following student riots in Bangkok, but this was to last only three years before the military again took control. The country continues to move between civilian and military governments.

On December 26 2004, an earthquake in Southeast Asia triggered a tsunami that impacted considerably upon Thailand's touristic infrastructure. The west coast was the worst hit area, including outlying areas and tourist resorts near Phuket. Many hotels were ruined; thousands were killed. Thailand has however made a strong recovery from this terrible catastrophe and continues to be one of the world’s top travel destinations.

Yingluck Shinawatra, Thailand’s first female Prime Minister assumed office on August 5th 2011 following the 2011 general election. Leader of the populist Pheu Thai Party, which replaced the controversial People’s Power Party in 2008, her party won a majority with 265 of the 480 seats. She is the country's ninth leader in just over five years.
ONLY WITH US : 100 % MONEY BACK GUARANTEE within 10 days from the date of booking if not satisfied.
For further information, or simply a free quote, please contact us at any time via our email: info@galatourist.com, our experienced consultants will reply to you within 48 hours.
Sincerely yours & see you soon!
GALATOURIST since 2005.
Related Articles
Top 9 must- go tourist attractions at Chiang Rai, Thailand
Top 9 must- go tourist attractions at Chiang Rai, Thailand
Chiang Rai is a land of ancient values of Thailand. Along with Chiang Mai, this city was the center of the glittering Lanna dynasty hundreds of years ago. Today, Chiang Rai is still an ancient, colorful space of Thailand with activities, temples to discover.
The city of “Death Railway” bridge - Kanchanaburi, Thailand
The city of “Death Railway” bridge - Kanchanaburi, Thailand
Kanchanaburi is the third largest city in Thailand located 130 km from Bangkok and bordered with Myanmar at the West. The city is famous for its bridge over the Kwai River that not only becomes a symbol of immortality in books and movies, but also possesses natural beauty with many dams and lakes. Let’s together discover this special land.
Wat Phra That Doi Suthep - The unique ancient temple in Chiang Mai, Thailand
Wat Phra That Doi Suthep - The unique ancient temple in Chiang Mai, Thailand
Wat Phra That Doi Suthep is the most famous and most visited temple in Chiang Mai. A trip on the windy mountain road is an enjoyable experience or you can rent a 250 baht motorbike a day, with a 600baht driver traveling both on and off.
Grand Palace Bangkok: guide, opening time, entrance fee & dress code
Grand Palace Bangkok: guide, opening time, entrance fee & dress code
The Grand Palace (Thai: พระบรมมหาราชวัง, RTGS: Phra Borom Maha Ratcha Wang) is a complex of buildings at the heart of Bangkok, Thailand. It used to be the headquarters of the Thai war district, the state government and the venue of major events. Today, the palace is the symbol of Bangkok and the Kingdom of Thailand.
Bangkok, the most attractive destination in the world
Bangkok, the most attractive destination in the world
The capital Bangkok of Thailand has surpassed London to become the most attractive destination in the world.
Visit the White palace in Thailand
Visit the White palace in Thailand
Going along Front Beach, in the direction of the Big Mount we could always behold a white palace roofed with red tiles standing motionless on the mountain side against a background of lush green trees. That is the WHITE PALACE.
Money & duty free for Thailand
Money & duty free for Thailand
Baht (THB; symbol ฿) = 100 satang. Notes are in denominations of ฿1,000, 500, 100, 50, 20 and 10. Coins are in denominations of ฿10, 5, 2 and 1, and 50, 25, 10, 5 and 1 satang.
Thailand things to see and do
Thailand things to see and do
Thailand is a serene and thought-provoking place to do some meditation. This centre offers an intensive month-long course and there are strict rules to be observed. The beautiful leafy setting in Chiang Mai is ideal, but there are similar places all over the country; make enquiries at local temples
Thailand Shopping and nightlife
Thailand Shopping and nightlife
Duty-free shops are located at Bangkok, Phuket, Chiang Mai and Had Yai airports as well as in the King Power Complex (www.kingpower.com) on Bangkok's Sri Ayutthaya-Rangnam Road. Items can be purchased there and delivered to the airport in time for the departure flight
Thailand Food and Drink
Thailand Food and Drink
Thai food is traditionally fairly hot and spicy, but most tourist restaurants tend to tone down the heat for the more fragile Western palate. Most Thai food is prepared with fresh ingredients such as lemon grass and coriander and rice is commonly eaten with most meals.
Thailand Visa and Passport Requirements
Thailand Visa and Passport Requirements
Visas for Thailand are not required by all nationals referred to in the chart above for touristic stays of up to 30 days if entering via an international airport. If entering by land, you will usually be granted a stay of 15 days (apart from nationals of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, the UK and the USA
Filter articles
Top
free telephone appointment
tripadvisor
call
Customize your trip
Customize
Leave a message
Contact
(+84)
Call now!
WhatsApp
WhatsApp
Messenger
View Google Map
Google Map